The Ayah and its Meaning
When do we recite this Ayah?
Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) asked him, "O Messenger of Allah. Is this also a calamity?"
Allah's Messenger (PBUH) replied, "Yes. Whatever hurts or causes difficulty to a Muslim is a calamity and on bearing it patiently, it carries Allah's promise of reward."
"They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e., who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones." - [Noble Quran 2:156]
I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) say: "There is no person who is afflicted with a calamity and says, "Verily to Allah we belong and unto Him is our return. O Allah, reward me for my affliction and compensate me with something better" - but Allah will reward him for his affliction and compensate him with something better."
She said: When Abu Salamah died, I said: Who is better than Abu Salamah, the companion of the Messenger of Allah? Then Allah caused me to say it and I said it. She said: Then I married the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him).
Alhamdulillah (praise be to Allah), who could be a better husband than the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)?
It is narrated in the Hadith that the Messenger of Allah said: "When a man's child dies, Allah, may He be exalted, says to His angels: "Have you taken the soul of the child of My slave ? "
This ayah reminds us that whatever is in this world belongs to Allah and is a Blessing from Him.
If, for example, a person had given some money as loan to his friend for some time and now he wants the money back. Is the person doing anything wrong in wanting back his own money?
Similarly when a person dies, Allah is only taking back the soul of His creation.
We also should bear in mind that just as the departed soul we ourselves will one day return to our Lord and be answerable for our deeds on the Day of Judgment before our entry into Paradise (Allah willing) or the Hellfire. With this is mind we should always strive to attain Allah's Mercy, for no one but Allah knows the appointed time of death.
In a Hadith, Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) says, "How wonderful is the case of a believer; there is good for him in everything and this applies only to a believer. If prosperity comes to him, he expresses gratitude to Allah and that is good for him; and if adversity befalls him, he endures it patiently and that is better for him." - [Muslim]
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The Messenger of Allah Said
"No human ever filled a vessel worse than the stomach."
Sufficient for any son of Adam are some morsels to keep his back straight.""But if it must be, then one third for his food, one third for his drink and one third for his breath."
Ahmad, Tirmizi, Nasaa’ie, Ibn Majah – Hadeeth saheeh.