From the day of ‘Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah), up until the ‘Asr Prayer on the thirteenth day, are days in which the takbeers should be said.
Imam al-Khattaabee (d.456H) (RA) said: “The wisdom behind saying the takbeers in these days is that in the times of jaahiliyyah (pre-lslamic era), they used to slaughter for their taaghoots (false objects of worship). So the takbeers were prescribed in order to indicate that the act of slaughtering is directed to Allah alone, and by mentioning only His - the Mighty and Majestic's - Name.” (Fathul-Bari, 21/586).
Ibn Hajar Writes in Fath ul Bari: "... The Most authentic reports from the Companions is that Ali and ibn Mas'ud would make the Takbirat from the day of Arafah to the 'asr of the last day of Mina. ........"
There is is no Specific time for the takbirat during the days of tashriq (three days after idul adha) in fact it is preferred to pronounce takbirat during every moment of those Day .
Ref: Fiqh us Sunnah By Saabiq
Shaykh ul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah (RA) said: “All praise be to Allah. The most correct saying concerning the takbeer - that which the majority of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors), and the Scholars from the Companions and Imaams were upon - is to begin making the takbeer from Fajr (dawn) on the day of ‘Arafah, up until the last day of at-Tashreeq (the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah), after every Prayer.” (Majmoo‘ Fataawaa, 24/220). However, what seems more correct is not to restrict the takbeers to being just after every Prayer, as al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr pointed out in Fathul-Baaree (21/587).
Ibn Abi Shaybah relates: “That ‘Ali (RA) used to make the takbeer beginning after the Fajr Prayer on the day of ‘Arafah, up until after the ‘Asr Prayer on the last day of at-Tashreeq.” (Ibn Abi Shaybah in al-Musannaf, 2/1/2).
As regards the actual wording of the takbeers, then nothing authentic has been related from the Messenger (SAW). However, certain wordings have been authentically related from a group of Companions.
Ibn Mas’ud (RA) would say: “Allah is great, Allah is great. None has the right to be worshipped except Him. And Allah is great, Allah is great. And to Him belongs all praise. (Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Laa ilaahaa illAllah, wAllahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillaahil-hamd.)” (Ibn Abi Shaybah).
Sayyidina ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) said: “Allah is great, Allah is great, Allah is great, and to Allah belongs all praise. Allah is greater and Sublime. Allah is greater to what He has guided us to. [Allahu akbar,Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa lillaahil-hamd. Allahu akbar wa ajalla. Allahu akbar 'alaa maa hadaanaa.]”(al-Bayhaqi, 3/315).
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,
Lã ilãha illallãhu wallahu Akbar,
Allahu Akbar, Walil lahil hamd.
"Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is no deity besides Allah and Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest and all praises are for Allah only."
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