The Call to the Believers in the Clear Qur'an:
[(Nida' al-Mu'min fi 'l-Qur'an al-Mubin By Shaikh Ahmad Fathu'llah Jami,translated from the Arabic by Muhtar Holland
In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of All the Worlds! Blessing and peace be upon the Best of His creatures, and upon his family and all his Companions!
Glory be to You, O Allah! We have no knowledge except that which You have taught us. You are indeed the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.
I praise Him for the constant flow of His gracious favour, with oft-repeated praise, for He has illumined the hearts of His devoted servants with the light of His clear Book. He has made the Qur'an a remedy for what the breasts contain, and a guidance and a mercy for the true believers. In Him I put my trust, consigning my business to Him and seeking His protection. I testify that there is no god but Allah, Alone without partner, with a testimony that leaves the heart of the testifier tranquil and enlightened.
I also testify that our master Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger, whom He has endowed, from His grace, with glory and dignity and honour. Blessing and peace be upon the Seal of the Prophets, the most noble of the Messengers, our master, Muhammad the Trustworthy (Allah bless him and give him peace), by means of whom He has opened hearts that were hard, and has brought people out of the darkness into the light. I also invoke blessing and peace upon the good and pure members of his family, upon his Companions, those righteous guides, and upon all who follow them in active goodness, until the Day of Judgement.
Zaid ibn Arqam (may Allah be well pleased with him) is reported as having said: "Allah's Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) stood up to address us one day, at a watering place called Khamma', between Mecca and Medina. He gave praise to Allah and extolled Him. He pronounced an exhortation and a reminder, then he went on to say:
"'O you people, I am only a mortal human being. The Messenger of my Lord will soon come to me, so I shall respond. I am leaving you with two heavy loads: One of them is the Book of Allah, the contents of which are guidance and light, so take the Book of Allah and hold it with a firm grip.'
"He stressed the importance of the Book of Allah, and aroused our interest in it, then he said:
"'And the people of my household. I urge you to remember Allah, where the people of my household are concerned. I urge you to remember Allah, where the people of my household are concerned. I urge you to remember Allah, where the people of my household are concerned.'"
According to Abu Huraira (may Allah be well pleased with him), the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) once said:
"I have left you with two things, and so long as you hold fast to them both, you will never go astray. [They are] the Book of Allah and the Sunna of His Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)."
The greatest of all the sciences, and the noblest of them all, is the science of Qur'anic exegesis [tafsir]. Since the Qur'an comprises all kinds of knowledge, and since it addresses all classes of society in every age, no universally appropriate commentary on it can be produced from the understanding of a single individual. It is necessary for the commentator to be free from fanatical attachment to his particular method and school of thought. His own understanding is peculiar to himself, and it is not for him to ask others to adopt it, unless it is accepted by the majority [of the religious scholars]. Research should likewise be conducted objectively.
It is therefore essential to have meticulous scholars, who inspire general confidence and the trust of the majority, and who are conscientiously committed to the welfare of the Muhammadan Community. They will thus be in a position to clarify the enigma of consensus [ijma'], which can serve as a basis for legal rules and statutes, but only if it is truly credible, and properly established by sound exercise of judgement. They will not agree on what is false, for they are the trustees of the Community.
As reported by Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with him and his father), Allah's Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) once said:
"If someone speaks about the Qur'an without knowledge, let him occupy his seat in the Fire of Hell."
Abu Bakr as-Siddiq [the Champion of Truth] (may Allah be well pleased with him) was asked about Allah's saying (Exalted is He):
And fruits and grasses.
wa fakihatan wa abba. (80:31)
He replied: "What heaven would shade me, and what earth would carry me, if I spoke about Allah's Book without knowledge?"
That is why I have not written anything without first reading what the traditional commentators [mufassirun] have written, in the principal books of commentary. I have combined this with scrupulous research, to the extent of my capacity and ability, in order to establish the authenticity of the sayings quoted, and to select the most acceptable of them. I have limited my own rôle to quotation and selection, except that I have added a few relevant comments of my own at the end of each of the Calls, for the benefit of the believers.
I give thanks to the Master (Glorious and Exalted is He) for making this work easy for me. Whenever I read the Qur'an, the sound of the Call from my Lord would penetrate my heart, with His saying (Exalted is He):
O you who truly believe!
ya ayyuha 'lladhina amanu.
-in which I would find the special quality of the address to the believer, filled with providential care. I would also find His address to the ennobled Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace):
ya ayyuha 'n-Nabiyyu.
-as in His saying (Exalted is He):
O Prophet, We have sent you as a witness
ya ayyuha 'n-Nabiyyu inna arsalna-ka shahidan
and a bringer of good tidings and a warner.
wa mubashshiran wa nadhira. (33:45)
-and I would find His address to the people at large, in His saying (Exalted is He):
O humankind, We have created you male and female,
ya ayyuha 'n-nasu inna khalaqna-kum min dhakarin wa untha
and have made you nations and tribes
wa ja'alna-kum shu'uban wa qaba'ila
so that you may know one another.
Surely the noblest among you in the sight of Allah
inna akrama-kum 'inda 'llahi
is the one of you who is most truly devout.
I would pause at each verse containing a Call, and contemplate what Allah meant this Call to signify for me. It occurred to my heart that I should collect them and write them down, but I did not decide to act on that feeling, until I was moved to do so by Allah's enabling grace. That came about through a conversation between me and my Shaikh, Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir 'Isa (may Allah bestow His mercy upon him). We discussed the subject of the Call in the Qur'an, and the commandment or prohibition it conveyed, in the course of one of his visits to us in Mar'ash. Then, some time later, I went to visit him in 'Amman, Jordan, and he said (may Allah the Exalted bestow His mercy upon him): "You must write, compile, and translate into Turkish, for the benefit of the believers!"
After I came home from that journey, I wrote these Calls with the help of Allah (Exalted is He). The religious scholars of Mar'ash kept asking me what title I would give to the collection, so I replied: "I have been instructed to write the Calls, to compile them and translate them, but not to give them a title."
During his last visit to us (may Allah bestow His mercy upon him), some twenty-five days before his demise, I told him about that, so he said (may Allah bestow His mercy upon him): "Entitle it: 'The Call to the Believers, and how it conveys commandment, prohibition and information.'" I suggested to him: "Let us name it: 'The Call to the Believers in the Clear Qur'an,'" and, praise be to Allah, he agreed.
Allah has graciously enabled me to compile these Calls, of which there are eighty-nine in the noble Qur'an. I have arranged them in the order in which they occur in the noble Suras, beginning with the Sura of the Cow [al-Baqara], and concluding with the Sura of the Forbidding [at-Tahrim].
I have worked for the sole purpose of obtaining His good pleasure, hoping that He will accept my work as dedicated purely to His noble countenance, and that He will preserve it as a treasure for me on the Day of Judgement. I beseech Allah to let the believers derive benefit from it, and that those who read it may offer a righteous supplication on my behalf, which will be to my advantage on the Day of Return. May Allah bless our master Muhammad, his family and his Companions, and may He grant them peace in abundance.
Written by the poor beggar in need of his Lord,
Ahmad Fathu'llah Jami
8th Rajab A.H. 1417
19th November 1996 C.E.
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