HEADING_TITLEHEADING_TITLEHEADING_TITLE
  Home

Al-Udhhiyah (Qurbani): Blood Sacrifice of Eid al-Adha

Al-Udhhiyah - Qurbani - Blood Sacrifice of Eid al-Adha'

The jurists disagree about sacrifices whether they are obligatory or a sunnah. Imam Malik and Imam Shafi'i held that it is one of the sunna mu'akkada (emphatic sunnah). Imam Malik made an exemption in the case of the pilgrim for relinquishing it at Mina. Al-Shafi'i did not make distinction between pilgrims and others.

Imam Abu Hanifa said that the sacrifice is obligatory for those residents of the cities who can afford it, and that it is not obligatory for travellers. He was opposed in this by his two disciples Abu Yusuf and Muhammad who maintained that it is not obligatory (but is a sunnah). The same opinion as Abu Hanifa's is also related from Imam Malik.

(Ref: Page 516-517 Vol 1 Bidayat al Mujtahid: The Distinguished Jurist's Primer by Ibn Rushd)

There are two reasons for their disagreement.

The first is whether the act of the Prophet (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) in this is to be construed as implying an obligation or recommendation.

This is so as the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him), in what is related from him, never gave up offering of sacrifices even while travelling, as is laid down in the tradition of Thawban, who said " The Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) slaughtered his sacrificial animals and said 'O Thawban carve out the meat of this sacrificed animal'. I continued to feed him [The Prophet] from its meat [to people] until he reached Madina".

The second reason is their dispute about the traditions that lay down the ahkaam of sacrifices. It is established from the Prophet (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) in the tradition of Umm Salama that he said :

"When the first ten days (of Dhul Hijjah) begins and one of you intends to make a sacrifice, he should not clip his hair or nails [until he makes the sacrifice]." 

They said that his words," one of you intends to make sacrifice", contains an evidence that sacrifice is not obligatory.

When the prophet (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) ordered Abu Burda to repeat his sacrifice for he had slaughtered it before the prayer, a group of jurists understood this to imply obligation.

They disagreed about whether it is binding upon a person, who intends to make a sacrifice, not to clip his hair and nails in the first ten days (of Dhul Hijjah). The tradition about it is authentic.

(From Bidayat al Mujtahid: The Distinguished Jurist's Primer by Ibn Rushd)

The Days of Sacrifice

The time for offering the sacrifice begins after the Eid prayer on Eid al-Adha and ends when the sun sets on the thirteenth of Dhul Hijjah. So there are four days of sacrifice: the day of Eid al-Adha and the three days after it.

It is better to hasten to offer the sacrifice after the Eid prayer, as the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to do, then the first thing he would eat on the day of Eid would be meat from his sacrifice.

Acceptable Animals
 
The sacrificed animal should be from the livestock (cows, camels, sheep, goats). As for the prevailing view in this concern might be that the sheep and goats are the best animals for the sacrifice because the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam never slaughtered on the EID any sacrifices except these kinds of animals.

But the camels, the cows and the buffaloes are acceptable to be slaughtered as EID sacrifices.

The Eid sacrifice should be in a good state and fat enough so that its meat could be eaten as this is a symbol of Allah. And Allah Says (what means):

"And whosoever honours the symbols of Allah, then it is truly from the piety of the heart." [Qur'an 22:32]

  • The Sheep for the Eid sacrifice should be more than six months old.
  • The goat should be at least one year old.
  • The cow should be at least two years old.
  • The camel should not be less than five years old.

One should avoid making sacrifice with a defective animal. Al-Baraa' Ibn 'Aazib (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam stood before us and said:

"Four (kinds of animals) are not sufficient in the sacrifices:

  • The one-eyed whose loss of one eye is evident,
  • The sick whose sickness is evident,
  • The limp whose limpness is evident, and
  • The skinny one which has no flesh on it".

[Al-Bukhari]

One sheep or one goat is sufficient as Eid sacrifice

It is also lawful for 7 people to slaughter one cow as Eid sacrifice.

It is likable for one to witness slaughtering his sacrifice or to slaughter it himself and to divide it into three parts.

  • To eats one third with his family,
  • To give out one third in charity, and
  • One third as gifts.

However it is Acceptable to Appoint someone else to slaughter on ones behalf and Distribute the Meat in whichever way one finds suitable.

Allah knows best.

Share via FaceBookShare Via Twitter
This article was published on Tuesday 15 August, 2017.Current Reviews: 1
Write ReviewIMAGE_BUTTON_REVIEW
Tell a friend
Tell a friend about this article:  
Products related to this article:
Animal Welfare in Islam By Al-Hafiz Basheer Ahmad Masri
Animal Welfare in Islam By Al-Hafiz Basheer Ahmad Masri
Bidayat al-Mujtahid: Distinguished Jurist's Primer, Ibn Rushd 2V
Bidayat al-Mujtahid: Distinguished Jurist's Primer, Ibn Rushd 2V
Al-Hidayah: Classical Manual of Hanafi Law Vol 1, New Trans.
Al-Hidayah: Classical Manual of Hanafi Law Vol 1, New Trans.
The Ultimate Conspectus (Shafi'i Manual) Imam Abu Shuja' Al-Isfa
The Ultimate Conspectus (Shafi'i Manual) Imam Abu Shuja' Al-Isfa
The Prophets In Palestine - Ibrahim(A.S) by Abu Huzayfa, Colour
The Prophets In Palestine - Ibrahim(A.S) by Abu Huzayfa, Colour
Abraham (Prophet Ibrahim A.S.): His Life and Times By MH Zuberi
Abraham (Prophet Ibrahim A.S.): His Life and Times By MH Zuberi
More Than 1000 Sunan Sayings & Acts of the Prophet Every Day,A5
More Than 1000 Sunan Sayings & Acts of the Prophet Every Day,A5
Al-Fiqh Al-Islami Vol 1: Shaykh M Akram Nadwi, Hanafi Fiqh
Al-Fiqh Al-Islami Vol 1: Shaykh M Akram Nadwi, Hanafi Fiqh
Provisions of the Afterlife: Zad Al-Ma'ad, Ibn Qayyim Al Jawziyy
Provisions of the Afterlife: Zad Al-Ma'ad, Ibn Qayyim Al Jawziyy
   



Payment Method

Secure Shopping

VisaMasterCardNochexPaypalcomodoSSL


Durus al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah, Part 1 Improved & Notes By Jam