Al-Udhhiyah - Qurbani - Blood Sacrifice of Eid al-Adha'
The jurists disagree about sacrifices whether they are obligatory or a sunnah. Imam Malik and Imam Shafi'i held that it is one of the sunna mu'akkada (emphatic sunnah). Imam Malik made an exemption in the case of the pilgrim for relinquishing it at Mina. Al-Shafi'i did not make distinction between pilgrims and others.
Imam Abu Hanifa said that the sacrifice is obligatory for those residents of the cities who can afford it, and that it is not obligatory for travellers. He was opposed in this by his two disciples Abu Yusuf and Muhammad who maintained that it is not obligatory (but is a sunnah). The same opinion as Abu Hanifa's is also related from Imam Malik.
(Ref: Page 516-517 Vol 1 Bidayat al Mujtahid: The Distinguished Jurist's Primer by Ibn Rushd)
There are two reasons for their disagreement.
The first is whether the act of the Prophet (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) in this is to be construed as implying an obligation or recommendation.
This is so as the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him), in what is related from him, never gave up offering of sacrifices even while travelling, as is laid down in the tradition of Thawban, who said " The Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) slaughtered his sacrificial animals and said 'O Thawban carve out the meat of this sacrificed animal'. I continued to feed him [The Prophet] from its meat [to people] until he reached Madina".
The second reason is their dispute about the traditions that lay down the ahkaam of sacrifices. It is established from the Prophet (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) in the tradition of Umm Salama that he said :
"When the first ten days (of Dhul Hijjah) begins and one of you intends to make a sacrifice, he should not clip his hair or nails [until he makes the sacrifice]."
They said that his words," one of you intends to make sacrifice", contains an evidence that sacrifice is not obligatory.
When the prophet (Allah's peace and blessing be upon him) ordered Abu Burda to repeat his sacrifice for he had slaughtered it before the prayer, a group of jurists understood this to imply obligation.
They disagreed about whether it is binding upon a person, who intends to make a sacrifice, not to clip his hair and nails in the first ten days (of Dhul Hijjah). The tradition about it is authentic.
The Days of Sacrifice
The time for offering the sacrifice begins after the Eid prayer on Eid al-Adha and ends when the sun sets on the thirteenth of Dhul Hijjah. So there are four days of sacrifice: the day of Eid al-Adha and the three days after it.
It is better to hasten to offer the sacrifice after the Eid prayer, as the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to do, then the first thing he would eat on the day of Eid would be meat from his sacrifice.
But the camels, the cows and the buffaloes are acceptable to be slaughtered as EID sacrifices.
"And whosoever honours the symbols of Allah, then it is truly from the piety of the heart." [Qur'an 22:32]
One should avoid making sacrifice with a defective animal. Al-Baraa' Ibn 'Aazib (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam stood before us and said:
"Four (kinds of animals) are not sufficient in the sacrifices:
One sheep or one goat is sufficient as Eid sacrifice
It is also lawful for 7 people to slaughter one cow as Eid sacrifice.
It is likable for one to witness slaughtering his sacrifice or to slaughter it himself and to divide it into three parts.
However it is Acceptable to Appoint someone else to slaughter on ones behalf and Distribute the Meat in whichever way one finds suitable.
Allah knows best.
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