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Sadaqah on Behalf of deceased Parents (From Imam Bukhari's Adab

 From Chapter 19: Kind Treatment of Parents After their Death:Al Adab al Mufrad  By Imam  Al-Bukhari 

39. It is narrated by Sayyidina Ibn Abbas (RA) that someone said to the Prophet (SAW) “Messenger of Allah, indeed my mother
has died but had left behind no instructions (concerning charity). If I give charity on her behalf then will it profit her?” He said. “Yes!
(Tirmizi)


EXPLANATION: The Mishkat al-Masabih has transmitted narrated by Sayyidina Sa’ad bin Ubadah (RA). He said, “Messenger of Allah ! Umm Sa’ad (my mother) has died. (I wish to give charity on her behalf. So, do tell me) what is the most superior form of charity?” The Prophet (SAW) said that Water was the best form of Sadaqah). So, he dug a well and dedicated it to convey the reward saying it was for Umm Sa’ad.

Sayyidah Ayeshah (RA)  said that someone said to the Prophet (SAW) "My mother died suddenly and I think that if (she had an opportunity and) she had spoken she might have given away something in charity. So, will she receive a reward if I give Sadaqah on her behalf?” The Prophet SAW)  said, “Yes (she will get the reward).” (Mishkat aI-Masabeeh from Bukhari)

We learn from these Ahadith that we must give charity on behalf of our parents and consign reward to them. The case of Sayyidina Sa’ad bin Ubadah discloses that it is better to make a regular supply of water available to the people because it is useful to all creatures. It serves many worldly needs and religious causes. That is why Sa’ad (RA) dug a well and made a perpetual  Sadaqah who reward was consigned to his mother. Wells were very important in earlier days and they are important today too in villages and small localities. In cites public taps  serve the purpose. Thus, if anyone gets a water tank built in a Mosque, Madrasah or traveller’s inn, or gets a tap installed, or arranges or the payment of  taxes and dues on water then it will be regarded at the same level as a Sadaqah for water And, it will fetch him tremendous reward (Huqooq al Walidayn)

Excerpt From:

Manners in Islam Al Adab al Mufrad
By Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ismail  Al-Bukhari 

Arabic Text ,Translation with Commentary
Translation with commentary and references 
Commentary by Maulana Khalid Khan Garhi 
English Translation by Rafiq Abdur Rehman

Also available without commentary  Imam Bukhari's Al Adab al Mufrad, A Code for Everyday Living: 

www.kitaabun.com

----

DU'A (SUPPLICATION) for the Deceased

The prayers of other Muslims on behalf of the dead will benefit the dead, by the permission of God.  Had they done no good, no one would consider praying for them. If they were evil, the prayers of others will not benefit them. Allah praises the believers who pray for those who have passed away before their time:

"Andthose whocameafter them say: Our Lord,forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith,and do not put in our hearts any hatred against thebelievers. Our Lord, You are indeed full of kindness,Most Merciful." [Al-Qur'an 59:10]

Furthermore, the funeral prayer itself consists mostly of prayers for the dead.

Safwan [the narrator mentioned that Safwan ibn 'Abdillah ibn Safwan was married to ad-Darda] said, "I visited Abud-Darda's home in Syria, but did not find him there. Ummud-Darda asked [me], 'Are you going to make Hajj this year?'  I said:  'Yes.'  She said, 'Pray to Allah for good for us, for the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said:

"The prayer ofMuslim for his Muslim brother in his absence will be answered. As long as he prays for the good of his brother, there is an angel assigned near his head who says: Amen, and may the same be for you."

I left and went to the marketplace where I met Abud-Darda and he related from the Prophet, peace be upon him, the same as that." [Sahih Muslim]

 

 

Whoever wants to honour his parents, let him give charity on their behalf, for (the reward of) charity will reach the deceased and benefit them


 

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