The Hijrah New Year
10 Muharram ('Ashura) is a day of Importance
The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) was asked about fasting on the Day of Ashura (10th of Muharram). He answered: “It atones for the sins of the preceding year.” (Reported by Muslim)
'Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein.' - [TM Qur'an al-Tawbah 9:36]
The Islamic (Hijri) year consists of twelve (purely lunar) months.
Muharram is so called because it is a sacred (Muharram) month and to confirm its sanctity.
Fasting During Muharram
Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram.” - (Reported By Muslim)
Abu Hurairah reported: "I asked the Prophet: 'Which prayer is the best after the obligatory prayers?' He said: 'Prayer during the middle of the night.' I asked: 'Which fast is the best after the fast of Ramadan?' He said, 'The month of Allah that you call Muharram.' " This is related by Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud Fiqh Us-Sunnah, By Sayyid Sabiq Vol 3
Fasting of Ashura (10th of Muharram)
It is established through a number of authentic ahadith that fasting on the day of 'Ashura' is Sunnah of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and makes one entitled to a great reward see Awareness and Apprehension: Al-Mundhiri's At-Targhib Wat Tarhib, Fiqh Us-Sunnah, Act of Worship By Sayyid Sabiq.
According to another Hadith, it is more advisable that the fast of 'Ashura' should either be preceded or followed by another fast. It means that one should fast two days: the 9th and 10th of Muharram or the 10th and 11th.
Some traditions mention another feature of the day of 'Ashura. According to these traditions, one should be more generous to his family by providing more food to them on this day as compared to other days. These traditions are not very authentic according to the science of Hadith. Yet, some Scholars like Baihaqi and Ibn Hibban have accepted them as reliable see Awareness and Apprehension, Al-Mundhiri's At-Targhib Wat Tarhib
See Article : The Month of Muharram By Mufti Taqi Usmani
The second month of the Islamic calendar.
The origin of this word has few theories:
The first says that when the pagan Arabs went on their looting expeditions they would leave their houses empty or ‘sifr’ meaning void.
It is also said this word means 'whistling of the wind". When this name was assigned to this month, it was probably a windy time of the year. As mentioned earlier, most of the months were named according to weather conditions at the time. However, since they are based on the moon, the months shift about 11 days every year. So, the seasons do not necessarily correspond to the name of the month any more.
To believe that the month of Safar is inauspicious, and particularly to believe that its first thirteen days are 'bad luck' or that it is harmful to marry or propose to marry or undertake a journey, etc., during these days are beliefs which are against the teachings of Islam.
In pre-Islamic days people considered the month of Safar to be evil and ominous. Our Rasul (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) strongly rejected such beliefs and ideas. The truth is that no time, day, month or date is in itself evil, but the deeds of people are either good or bad. The time spent in the performance of good deeds will be auspicious and the time spent in sin and the disobedience of Allah Ta'la will be evil and ominous.
Hadhrat Jaabir (R.A.) has said that, "I have heard the Prophet (S) saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue." - (Muslim)
Significant events during the Month of Safar
It is also said that the following events also Happened in Safar
Surely Almighty Allah is with these blessed souls
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