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Safar: The second month of the Islamic Hijri calendar

Safar: The second month of the Islamic Hijri calendar

The origin of this word has few theories:

The first says that when the pagan Arabs went on their looting expeditions they would leave their houses empty or ‘sifr’ meaning void.

The second theory says that the word is derived form the Arabic word for yellow called ‘sufr’: as when it was first named it fell in the time of autumn, hence the derivation the word yellow as all the leaves at that time turned yellow.

It is also said this word means 'whistling of the wind". When this name was assigned to this month, it was probably a windy time of the year. As mentioned earlier, most of the months were named according to weather conditions at the time. However, since they are based on the moon, the months shift about 11 days every year. So, the seasons do not necessarily correspond to the name of the month any more.

Misconception:

To believe that the month of Safar is inauspicious, and particularly to believe that its first thirteen days are 'bad luck' or that it is harmful to marry or propose to marry or undertake a journey, etc., during these days are beliefs which are against the teachings of Islam.

In pre-Islamic days people considered the month of Safar to be evil and ominous. Our Rasul (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) strongly rejected such beliefs and ideas. The truth is that no time, day, month or date is in itself evil, but the deeds of people are either good or bad. The time spent in the performance of good deeds will be auspicious and the time spent in sin and the disobedience of Allah Ta'la will be evil and ominous.
 
Hadhrat Jabir (R.A) has said that, "I have heard the Prophet (P.B.U.H)  saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue." - (Muslim)

Significant events during the Month of Safar

  • The Start of the Hijra from Makkah to Madinah was in Safar in the 13th Year of Prophethood
  • The Prophet (P.B.U.H) went on the military campaign of al-Abwaa’, also known as Waddaan. This was the first military campaign in which he took part himself. It happened in Safar, twelve months after the Hijrah. The banner, which was white, was carried by Hamzah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. He appointed Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah in charge of Madeenah (in his absence), and he went out with the Muhaajireen only, to intercept a caravan of Quraysh, but there was no fighting.
  • The Prophet (P.B.U.H) Conquered Khaybar in Safar in the Year 7 Hijri.
  • In the same month of Safar, in 4 AH, there was the battle of Bi’r Ma’oonah (the well of Ma’oonah.
  • Towards the End of Safar of 11th Year Hijri the Prophet (P.B.U.H) Ordered the last military army - Start of Usamah's Army.
  • Beginning of the Prophet's fatal disease.

It is also said that  the following events also Happened in Safar

  • Hadhrat Ali (R.A) married Prophet's (P.B.U.H) daughter Hadhrat Fatima (R.A.) in the latter days of Safar 2 A.H.
  • Hadhrat Khubaib Ibn Adey (R.A) was martyred in Safar in the year 4 A.H. in Makkah.
  • Hadhrat Zaid Ibn Dathina (R.A) was martyred in this month in the year 4 A.H. in Makkah.
  • Hadhrat Khalid bin Waleed (R.A) and 'Amr bin al-'Aas (R.A) Accept Islam in Safar 8 Hijri
  • The Prophet (P.B.U.H) Completion of Marriage to Hadhrat Umm Habibah (R.A)
  • The Death of As-Sultan Salahud-Din al-Ayyubi (may Allah raise his rank) died on Wednesday the 27th of Safar, year 589 A.H.

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