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Al-Ghazali On General Merit & Profit of Invocation &Supplication

Al-Ghazali On Invocations And Supplications
Kitab Al- Adhkar Wa'l-Da'awat 
With Arabic Text of the Invocations & Supplications (3rd Revised Print July 2010)
Book IX of the Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din)

Translated With Introduction & Notes By Kojiro Nakamura
Edited By T.J. Winter 
Paperback 174 Pages 
Size : 234 x 156 mm 
ISBN-10: 0946621144
ISBN-13: 9781903682678
Publisher : 
The Islamic Texts Society (ITS)

On the General Merit and Profit of Invocation, with an Illustration from the Qur’an, the Traditions and the Narratives

From the Qur’an:

The general merit of invocation is testified to by the Word of God: Remember Me, and I will remember you. Thabit al-Bunani said, ‘Verily I know when my Lord remembers me’. So the people became alarmed at him and asked, ‘How do you know that?’ He said, ‘When I remember God, He remembers me’.

God has said, Remember God often, and When you rush together from Arafat in a crowd, remember God at the Holy Monument [al-mash’ar al-haram]; and remember Him as He has guided you and When you have completed your holy rites, remember God, as you remernber your fathers, or more devoutly and ... those who remember God, standing, sitting, or lying down on their sides and When you have performed the ritual prayer [salat], remember God, standing, sitting, or lying down on your sides [on which] Ibn ‘Abbas (may God be pleased with him) commented, ‘That is: [remember God] whether at night or during the day whether travelling or remaining at home, whether in poverty or in riches, in sickness or in health, in private or in public’.

Denouncing the hypocrites, God (Exalted is He!) has said, They remember God but seldom. And He has said, Remember your Lord, in your soul, with humility and fear, not with a loud voice, morning and evening. Be not among the heedless. Truly the remembrance of God is greater. Ibn ‘Abbas (may God show him His mercy) said, ‘This has two interpretations: one is that God’s remembrance of you is greater than your remembrance of Him, and the other is that the remembrance of God is greater than any other act of worship’, etc.

From the Traditions:

The Emissary of God (may God bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘An invoker of God among the heedless is like a green tree in the midst of dry stalk’. He said (may God bless him an grant him peace), ‘An invoker of God among the heedless is like a fighter [for the sake of God] among deserters’.

He said (may God bless him and grant him peace), ‘God says, “I am with My servant so long as he invokes Me and his lips move for invoking Me”.

He said, ‘No act of a human being is so efficacious for deliverance from God’s punishment as the invocation of God(Great and Glorious is He!)’. The people asked, ‘O Emissary of God. Nor is the jihad for the sake of God so efficacious [as the invocation of God]?’ He said, ‘No, no jihad for the sake of God is so efficacious, except that you hit with your sword until it is intercepted and then you hit with it again until it is intercepted, and then you hit with it until it is intercepted, [while remembering God]’.

He said (may God bless him and grant him peace), ‘Let him who wishes to graze in the pastures of the Garden invoke God constantly’.

On being asked, ‘Which act is most meritorious?’ the Emissary of God (may God bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘[It is] that you die while your tongue is moistened with the invocation of God (Great and Glorious is He!)’.

He said, ‘Let your tongue be moistened with the invocation of God morning and evening, and then no fault will fall upon you’.

He said (may God bless him and grant him peace), ‘Truly the invocation of God (Great and Glorious is He!) morning and evening is more meritorious than breaking swords for the sake of God and giving wealth lavishly’.

He said (may God bless him and grant him peace), ‘God (Blessed and Exalted is He!) says, “When My servant remembers Me in his heart, I remember him in My heart. When he remembers Me in company [with others], I remember him in an even better company. When he draws near to Me a hand’s breadth, I draw near to him an arm’s length. When he draws near to Me an arm’s length, I draw near to him a fathom. When he draws near to Me walking, I draw near to him running—meaning by ‘running’ one’s quickness of response.

He said (may God bless him and grant him peace), ‘ God (Great and Glorious is He!) spreads His shade upon seven people on the day when there is no shade but His. Among them is a man who invoked God privately and whose eyes overflowed [with tears] from the fear of God’.

Abu’l-Darda said, ‘The Emissary of God (may God bless him and grant him peace) said, “Shall I not tell you about the best and purest of your works for your Lord, and the most exalted of them in your ranks, and the work which is better for you than encountering your enemy, with you striking their necks and them striking your necks?” Thereupon the people said, “What is that, O Emissary of God?” He said, “The constant remembrance of God”’.

The Emissary of God said, ‘God (Great and Glorious is He!) says, “He who is so occupied with the remembrance of me that does not make petition to Me, I will give him the best of what I give to suppliants".

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