There are hundreds of books on Islamic History and none can do complete justice because of the changing nature of history itself. There is a much lesser choice when it comes to books in the English language.
From our basic understanding these are some of the books that we have found useful (please note that the time period that it covers depends on the time that it was written, so some will cover a wider period than others).
For Brief Understanding & Survey of Islamic History
A Chronology Of Islamic History (570-1000 CE) By H.U Rahman
This book list and describes the principle events from the birth of the prophet Muhammad (SAW) in 570 CE to the year 1000 CE (Common or Christian Era) Contemporary events from the history of the Byzantine and Persia empires are also included. Descriptions are purely factual and presented without interpretation or historical analysis, although background information explaining the significance of events is provided where necessary. Precise locations are given for places that may no longer exist or are known by a different name.
A Journey Through Islamic History: A Timeline of Key Events
1441 years of Islamic History? From 570 CE (54 BH) to 2011 CE (1432 AH).
A spell-binding coffee table book summarising eight periods in history.
A Journey through Islamic History tells you all you ever wanted to know about the history of the Muslim world from the Prophet Muhammad to Malcolm X in a short, accessible and lavishly-illustrated format.
Short Islamic History Books in one Volume
A Short History of Islam By S.E.Al-Djazairi
How did Islam arrive, and what were the first important events of Islamic history? Was Islam spread by the sword?
What happened to the millions of Muslims in Spain? These and many other questions are answered in this book.
Islamic History: The Rise and Fall of Muslim By Saeed Akbarabad
This book presents an account of the wonder inspiring rise of the Muslims and their pathetic fall. It embodies the stories and assessments of the very first "Kilafat-e-Rashidah" (the well-guided government of the immediate successors of the Holy Prophet of Islam and the Muslim governments in the succeeding periods of history.
Islamic History in 3 Volumes. Most Popular and perhaps the only currently available Books on Islamic History which is for the average reader (not too long yet not too short).
History of Islam (3 HB vols) By Akbar Shah Khan Najeebabadi
A comprehensive history of Islam from Arabia before the time of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam till the Uthmanis. Including the life of the four Caliphs, the Ummayyads, the Abbasids, Salah al-Din and the Crusades, the Muslim rule in Andalus [Spain], the Qaramita, Fatimids, Tatars and Mongols, Roman Empire, and those who came in between. .
History of Islam: Akbar Shah Najeebabadi, Darussalam, 3 Vol Set
(This one although slightly more abridged, it is a better print quality and it has been revised by Shaykh Mubarakpuri the author of the famous Raheeq al Makhtum ( Sealed Nectar)).
This book presents the true Islamic events and their actual causes before the English readers because the other books in the English language found on the Islamic history have been written by such authors and compilers who did no justice in presenting the true picture of Islamic Era but their prejudice prevented them from doing so.
Introduction to History : Highly Recommended
The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History By Ibn Khaldun
A masterpiece in literature on philosophy of history and sociology. The main theme of this monumental work was to identify psychological, economic, environmental and social facts that contribute to the advancement of human civilization and the currents of history.
Muslim 100: Lives, Thoughts and Achievements of the Most Influential Muslims in History By Muhammad Mojlum
Who are the Muslim world’s most influential people? Where were they born? What were their ideas, thoughts and achievements? Why is it important for us to know more about Islamic thought, history, culture and civilization?
Saviours Of Islamic Spirit By Abul Hasan Nadwi
This selection of biographies, by one of the leading twentieth century Muslim scholars, brings under three volume, Muslim Personalities whose contribution to the sustenance of the Islamic spirit through the centuries can never be overstated. Beautifully narrated, with particular detail to the environment in which these figures rose to prominence.
History of al-Tabari: Tarikh al-Rusul wal muluk, 40 Vol English
This monumental work explores the history of the ancient nations, the prophets, the rise of Islam and the history of the Islamic World down to the year 915 AD / 302 AH i.e The Return of the Caliphate to Baghdad: (The Caliphates of al-Mu'tadid, al-Muktafi and al-Muqtadir)
It is divided here in 40 Volumes (Including Index) each of which covers about two hundred pages of the original Arabic text.
Al-Bidayah wan Nihayah: Ibn Kathir, English (8 Book Set)
Al-Bidayah wan Nihayah (The Beginning and The End) by the renowned scholar Abu Al-Fida, 'Imad ad-Deen Isma'eel bin 'Umar bin Kathir (Hafiz Ibn Kathir), is considered one of the most authoritative sources on Islamic history. A unique feature of the book is that it not only deals with past events, but also talks about future events mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) until the Day of Judgement.