Shihab al-Din Abu al-'Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn Hajar al-Haytami al-Makki was born in 909 AH in Abu Haytam, western Egypt.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Hajar al-Haytami was a student of Zakariyya al-Ansari. He represents the foremost resource for legal opinion (fatwa) in the entire late Shafi'i school. He died in 974 AH (CE 1566). He was the Shāfi'i Imam of his time, a brilliant scholar of in-depth applications of Sacred Law, and with al-Imam Aḥmad al-Ramli, represents the foremost resource for fatwa (legal apinion) for the entire late Shafi'i School.
He was educated at al-Azhar University, but later moved to Makkah, where he authored major works in Shafi'i jurisprudence, hadith, tenets of faith, education, hadith commentary, and formal legal opinion.
His most famous works include
Tuhfah al-mu'taj bi sharh al-Minhaj, a commentary on al-Imam al-Nawawi’s Minhaj al-'alibin whose ten volumes represent a high point in Shafiʿi scholarship;
the four volume al-Fatawa al-kubra al-fiqhiyyah; and
al-Zawajir ʿan iqtiraf al-kaba'ir, which with its detailed presentation of Qur'an and Hadith evidence and masterful legal inferences, remains unique among Muslim works dealing with taqwa (god fieriness) and is even recognized by Hanafi scholars like al-Imam Ibn 'Abidin as a source of authoritative legal texts valid in their own school.
After a lifetime of outstanding scholarship, the Imam died and was buried in Makkah in 974 H.
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