Importance and great benefit of the First 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah
We all know of the Great Importance of the days of Hajj however, the First 10 days of the the month of Dhul Hijjah are also very important for those who are not performing the Hajj.
"By the dawn, By the ten nights And by the even and the odd" (TM Qur'an Al Fajr 89)
Allah swears an oath by them, and swearing an oath by something is indicative of its importance and great benefit. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): "By the dawn; by the 10 nights". Ibn Abbas, Ibn al-Zubayr, Mujahid and others of the earlier and later generations said that this refers to the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. - Ibn Kathir Said : 'This is the correct opinion.' (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 8/413)
Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA) reported that the Messenger (SAW) said: "There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” The people asked, “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah?” He said, Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with neither.” [Bukhari, Riyadh Salehin, 1249].
1. The Prayer - It is highly recommended to perform the obligatory acts at their prescribed times (as early as possible) and to increase oneself in the supererogatory acts, for indeed, this is what brings a person closer to their Lord. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: "Upon you is to increase in your prostration to Allah, for verily you do not prostrate to Allah with even one prostration, except that He raises you in degrees and decreases your sins because of it." - [Reported by Muslim]
2. Fasting - This has been mentioned as one of the acts of righteousness where Hanbada ibn Khalid reports on the authority of his wife who reports that some of the wives of the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: The Prophet, upon whom be peace, would fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of Ashura and three days in every month. - [Recorded by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, an-Nisai and others]
Al-Imam an-Nawawi said that fasting in these ten days is extremely recommended. (Please also read point No. 4 Below)
3. Saying Allahu Akbar; La Ilaha Illallah and Alhamdulillah - It is found in the aforementioned narration of Ibn 'Umar: "So increase yourselves in saying la illaha illallah, Allahu akbar and alhamdulillah."
Imam Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him, said: "Ibn 'Umar and Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with them both, used to go out to the markets in the ten days saying the takbir causing the people to follow them in this action."
He also said:"Umar ibn al-Khattab used to say the takbir in his minaret in Mina, whereupon the people of the mosque hearing 'Umar, would start to say the takbir as would the people in the markets until the whole of Mina was locked in glorifying Allah."
Ibn 'Umar used to say the takbir in Mina during these ten days and after prayers, whilst on his bed, in his tent, in his gathering and whilst walking. What is recommended is to say the takbir aloud due to the fact that 'Umar ibn al-Khattâb, his son and Abu Hurayrah used to do likewise, may Allah be pleased with them all.
Strive with us O Muslims in reviving this sunnah that has become lost in these times and it was almost forgotten, even amongst the people of righteousness and goodness all of which is unfortunately in opposition to what the best of generations were upon (preserving and maintaining the superogatory acts).
There are a number of ways of making takbir that have been narrated by the companions and their followers and from these ways is the following:
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Kabirun.
4. Fasting on the day of 'Arafah (The 9th Day) - Fasting has been affirmed on the day of 'Arafah, where it has been confirmed from the Prophet, peace be upon him, that he said regarding fasting on the day of 'Arafah: "Be content with the fact that Allah will expiate for you your sins for the year before (the day of 'Arafah) and the year after (the day of 'Arafah)." [Reported by Muslim]
The jurists disagree about sacrifices whether they are obligatory or a sunnah. Imam Malik and Imam Shafi'i held that it is one of the sunna mu'akkada (emphatic sunna). Imam Malik made an exemption in the case of the pilgrim for relinquishing it at Mina. Al-Shafi'i did not make distinction between pilgrims and others.
Imam Abu Hanifa said that the sacrifice is obligatory for those residents of the cities who can afford it, and that it is not obligatory for travellers. He was opposed in this by his two disciples Abu Yusuf and Muhammad who maintained that it is not obligatory (but is a sunna). The same opinion as Abu Hanifa's is also related from Imam Malik. - Ref: Page 516-517 Vol 1 Bidayat al Mujtahid: The Distinguished Jurist's Primer by Ibn Rushd
There are two reasons for their disagreement. The first is whether the act of the Prophet (God's peace and blessing be upon him) in this is to be construed as implying an obligation or recommendation. This is so as the Messenger of Allah (God's peace and blessing be upon him), in what is related from him, never gave up offering of sacrifices even while travelling, as is laid down in the tradition of Thawban, who said " The Messenger of Allah (God's peace and blessing be upon him) slaughtered his sacrificial animals and said ' O Thawban carve out the meat of this sacrificed animal'. I continued to feed him [The Prophet] from its meat [to people] until he reached Madina". The second reason is their dispute about the traditions that lay down the ahkam of sacrifices. It is established from the Prophet (God's peace and blessing be upon him) in the tradition of umm Salama that he said " When the first ten days (of Dhu al-Hijja) begins and one of you intends to make a sacrifice, he should not clip his hair or nails [until he makes the sacrifice] " ,366 They said that his words," one of you intends to make sacrifice", contains an evidence that sacrifice is not obligatory. When the prophet (God's peace and blessing be upon him) ordered Abu Burda to repeat his sacrifice for he had slaughtered it before the prayer, a group of jurists understood this to imply obligation. The opinion of Ibn Abbas is that there is no obligation. Ikrima said that Ibn Abbas sent him with two dirhams to buy meat, and said : Tell the person you meet that this is the sacrifice of Ibn Abbas. It is related from Bilal that he sacrificed a rooster. Arguing on the basis of tradition that has not been laid down on the specific issue is weak.
They disagreed about whether it is binding upon a person, who intends to make a sacrifice, not to clip his hair and nails in the first ten days (of thou al-hijja). The tradition about it is authentic. 367
Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As, the Prophet (PBUH) said,
The Day of 'Eid al-Adha'
10th of Dhul-Hijjah is known by most as 'Eid al-Adha'. It is incumbent for the Muslim ( who is not making Hajj) to make every effort to perform the Eid Prayer wherever it is performed, and to be present for the Khutbah and benefit from it. He must know the wisdom behind the legislation of this Eid. It is a day of thankfulness and performing deeds of righteousness. So, he must not make it a day of wildness, pride and vanity. He should not make it a season of disobedience and increase in the forbidden things like, uncontrolled amusement, intoxicants and the like - those things which could cause the cancellation of the good deeds done in these ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.
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