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3 kinds of Hajj (Qiraan, Tamattu & Ifraad Hajj)

3 kinds of Hajj (Qiraan, Tamattu & Ifraad Hajj) 

1) Hajj-e-Qiraan:

A Qiraan Hajj refers to a person donning the Ihraam with the intention of performing Umrah and Hajj with one Ihraam during the months and days of Hajj; i.e. even after performing Umrah, the person will remain in Ihraam until Hajj is performed.

2) Hajj-e-Tamattu':

A Tamattu’ Hajj refers to a person donning the Ihraam with the intention of performing Umrah and Hajj with two Ihraams during the months and days of Hajj; i.e. after performing Umrah, the person will come out of Ihraam and will don the Ihraam for the second time to perform Hajj.

3) Hajj-e-Ifraad:

An Ifraad Hajj refers to a person donning the Ihraam with the intention of performing only Hajj during the months and days of Hajj.

Their Commandments: 

It is permissible for Aafaaqis (everyone who resides outside of the Meeqat),  to perform the Qiraan, Tamattu’ and Ifraad Hajj.

According to Hanafi School 

It is more virtuous to perform a Qiraan Hajj (provided one is able to abide by the laws of Ihraam) then a Tamattu’ Hajj and then an Ifraad Hajj respectively. 

However, a resident of Makkah Mukarramah may only perform an Ifraad Hajj. (Muallimul Hujjaaj 97)
 
Note:The donning of one or two Ihraams refers to the intentions of Ihraam and does not refer to one or two sets of Ihraam clothing. The months and days of Hajj are the months of Shawwal, Dhul-Qa’dah and the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.

In a Qiraan and Tamattu’ Hajj (an Umrah and Hajj performed in one Ihraam and two Ihraams respectively), one Damm-e-Shukr is Waajib (necessary). In the case of an Ifraad Hajj (a Hajj performed in one Ihraam only), one Damm-e-Shukr is Mustahab (preferable). (Imdaadul Fataawa 2/197)
 
A Damm-e-Shukr refers to the slaughtering of a small animal for e.g. sheep/goat or one-seventh share of a big animal for e.g. camel/cow/ox/buffalo within the boundaries of the Haram. (Muallimul Hujjaaj 278)
 
On the other hand, Qurbani is Waajib (necessary) upon every Muslim person who is a Muqeem (non-traveller) and who is the owner of Nisaab during the days of Eid (10, 11, 12th of Dhul-Hijjah) (Hidaayah 4/355).
 
Hence, if during the days of Eid, a person performing a Qiraan, Tamattu’ and Ifraad Hajj is a Muqeem (non-traveller) and he/she possesses the Nisaab, then apart from Damm-e-Shukr being Waajib (necessary) or Mustahab (preferable), the slaughtering of a Qurbani animal will be Waajib (necessary) as well upon him/her. In this case, the Qurbani can be done within the boundaries of the Haram or at one’s country/home.

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