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Shaykh Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya

Shaykh Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya

Name & Birth:

Shams Al-din Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr, Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya. He was born in a small farming village near Damascus, Syria in 691 A.H/.1292 C.E.

Education:

He studied under his father who was the local attendant (qayyim) of al-Jawziyya school. Later on, he pursued his quest for knowledge at the hands of renowned masters and scholars of his epoch, as well as he studied the works and teachings of sufi masters known in his time. His schooling centered around Islamic jurisprudence, theology, and the science of prophetic traditions. 

His Well-known Teachers:

  • His Father "Qayyim al-Jawziyya"
  • Ibn Taimiyyah 
  • Ibn Abd al-Dayem 
  • Badruddin bin Jama'h 
  • Ahmad bin Abdul Rahman al-Nablisi 
  • Ibn Maktum 
  • Hafiz Zahabi 
  • Safiuddin al-Hindi 
  • Ismail bin Muhammad al-Harrani. 

His Prominent Students:

His Spiritual Life:

He was an avid and a resolute worshipper. He devoted long hours to his supererogatory nightly prayers, he was in a constant state of remembrance (zikr), and he was known for his extended prostrations. One could see on his face the clear expressions of piety, and constant solicitation of God’s bounty and favors. 

His writings:

Devotion to his Shaykh:

Ibn al-Qayyim was fervent in his devotion to his teacher, and he was an excellent student and disciple of the great Muslim scholar Imam Taqiyyu-Deen Ahmad Ibn Taimiyyah. He defended his religious opinions and approaches, and he compiled and edited most of his works, and taught the same.

Because of their perception and opinions, both the teacher and the student were unjustly persecuted, tortured, and humiliated in public by the local authorities then, and they were imprisoned in a single cell, while other disciples were kept separate in the central prison of Damascus, still known to-date as al-Qal‘a.

His Death and Burial:

Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya died in the city of Damascus the year 751 AH/1350 C.E., when he was scarcely 60 years old, and was buried at the cemetery of Bab- al-Saghir, near the grave of his father - Rahimahuma Allah.

Ibn Kathir spoke of him in his book Al-Bidaya wan-Nihaya, saying: “He was most friendly and kindhearted, he never envied anyone, he never caused harm to anyone, he never bore prejudice against anyone, and I was the closest to his heart. Furthermore, I do not know anyone who is more devout in his worship than him in our time.” A similar opinion also was quoted by others. 

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