He was born in 1903/1320 in Aurangabad (then in Hyderabad, now in the state of Maharashtra, in India) into a traditional Muslim family with a strong religious bent.
He was primarily home schooled. His formal education, mostly in the traditional form, did not include western learning, nor did it include traditional Muslim religious training. He was therefore not schooled systematically in Muslim Fiqh (jurisprudence) and was evidently largely ignorant of English and Arabic. At age 15 he was forced to leave school when his father died.
At the age of 17 Abul ala Mawdudi became a correspondent, and soon became an editor of Taj, a newspaper in Jabalpur. In 1920 he assumed the editorship of Muslim, which was published by the Jam'iyat-i 'Ulama,' the Ulema of India in Delhi. The newspaper closed in 1923, but Mawdudi soon became editor of the prestigious al-Jam'iyah. While a journalist, he also began writing about Islam.
In 1941, he founded Jama'at-I Islami, of which he remained Amir, until 1972 and which is one of the most prominent Islamic movements of our day.
Between 1948-67, he spent a total of five years in different prisons of Pakistan. In 1953, he was also sentenced to death by a Martial Law court for writing a 'seditious' pamphlet, this sentence being later commuted to life imprisonment.
He authored more than one hundred works on Islam, both scholarly and popular, and his writings have been translated into more than forty languages.
His well-Known Writings:
His writings are originally in Urdu but have now been translated in many Languages including English.
He Passed away in 1979/1399.
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