Shaikh Noor Mohammad, he was a tailor, not formally educated but a religious man.
He was born on November 9, 1877 /14th Dhul Qa'da 1294 Hijri in Sialkot, within the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan). Iqbal's ancestors were Kashmiri Pandits, the Brahmins from Kashmir who converted to Islam.
Allama Iqbal was sent to a local Madrasah to learn the Qur'an while he was only about four years old. He received the Faculty of Arts diploma from Scotch Mission College in 1895/1313.
He was influenced by Arnold's teachings and so travelled to Europe for his higher education. Iqbal qualified for a scholarship from Trinity College in Cambridge in 1907/1325, and was called to the bar as a barrister from Lincoln's Inn in 1908/1326.
Allama Iqbal, an advocate of universal human fraternity, envisaged the revival of the original Islamic civilization, globally. His works, exposed the limitations of the socio-political and economic concepts introduced by the West.
He is widely known as Allama Iqbal. A philosopher, poet and politician who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages.
Iqbal is the best articulated Muslim response to Modernity that the Islamic world has produced in the 20th century
In 1923, he was knighted by King George V, granting him the title "Sir".
His Well Known Teachers:
His Literary Legacy:
Poetic Books in Urdu:
Books in English:
Iqbal died on 21st April 1938/ 21st Safar 1357 due to severe throat infection that lasted for long till his death. His grave is in Lahore, Pakistan.
A List of His Books Translated into English and available at www.kitaabun.com include the following:
Allama Iqbal: The Devil's Advisory Council, Urdu - English New
Muslim Community By Allama Mohammad Iqbal (Aligarh 1910)
Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: Sir Muhammad Iqbal
Shikwah Jawab-e-Shikwah (Complaint & Response) By Allama Iqbal
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The Prophet (SAW) Said: There are three things concerning which the heart of a believer should feel no enmity or malice: devoting one's actions to Allah, giving counsel to the Imams of the Muslims, and being loyal to the majority.
(Ibn Majah. Source :The Purification of the Soul compiled from the works of Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, Ibn Al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya, and Abu Hamid al-Ghazali)