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A Short Biography of Allama Iqbal

Name:

Dr Muhammad Iqbal known as Allama Iqbal

Father's Name:

Shaikh Noor Mohammad, he was a tailor, not formally educated but a religious man.

Born:

He was born on November 9, 1877 /14th Dhul Qa'da 1294 Hijri in Sialkot, within the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan). Iqbal's ancestors were Kashmiri Pandits, the Brahmins from Kashmir who converted to Islam.

Education:

Allama Iqbal was sent to a local Madrasah to learn the Qur'an while he was only about four years old. He received the Faculty of Arts diploma from Scotch Mission College in 1895/1313.
 
Later on he also began to study philosophy, English literature and Arabic in Lahore's Government college. He graduated cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree.

He was influenced by Arnold's teachings and so travelled to Europe for his higher education. Iqbal qualified for a scholarship from Trinity College in Cambridge in 1907/1325, and was called to the bar as a barrister from Lincoln's Inn in 1908/1326.

Allama Iqbal, an advocate of universal human fraternity, envisaged the revival of the original Islamic civilization, globally. His works, exposed the limitations of the socio-political and economic concepts introduced by the West.

He is widely known as Allama Iqbal. A philosopher, poet and politician who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages.

Iqbal is the best articulated Muslim response to Modernity that the Islamic world has produced in the 20th century

In 1923, he was knighted by King George V, granting him the title "Sir".

His Well Known Teachers:

  • Syed Mir Hassan
  • Sir Thomas Arnold
  • Emma Wegenast

His Literary Legacy:

  • Prose book
  • Ilm ul Iqtisad-1903
  • Poetic books in Persian
  • Asrar-i-Khudi
  • Rumuz-i-Bekhudi
  • Payam-i-Mashriq
  • Zabur-i-Ajam
  • Javid Nama
  • Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq
  • Armughan-e-Hijaz (Persian-Urdu)

Poetic Books in Urdu:

  • Bang-i-Dara
  • Bal-i-Jibril
  • Zarb-i Kalim

Books in English:

  • The Development of Metaphysics in Persia
  • The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam

His Death:

Iqbal died on 21st April 1938/ 21st Safar 1357 due to severe throat infection that lasted for long till his death. His grave is in Lahore, Pakistan.

A List of His Books Translated into English and available at www.kitaabun.com include the following:

Allama Iqbal: The Devil's Advisory Council, Urdu - English New
https://kitaabun.com/shopping3/product_info.php?products_id=6493

Muslim Community By Allama Mohammad Iqbal (Aligarh 1910)
https://kitaabun.com/shopping3/product_info.php?products_id=6367

Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: Sir Muhammad Iqbal
https://kitaabun.com/shopping3/product_info.php?products_id=3794

Shikwah Jawab-e-Shikwah (Complaint & Response) By Allama Iqbal
https://kitaabun.com/shopping3/product_info.php?products_id=6417

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