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The Significance of Sadaqatul Fitr

The Significance Of Sadaqatul Fitr


Allah's Apostle enjoined the payment of one sa' of dates or one sa' of barley as Zakatul Fitr on every muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old. - {Bukhari 1503}

Sadaqatul Fitr is wajib [compulsory] upon all Muslims  slave  or free, male, female and children who on the Day of Eid-ul-Fitr are owners of the Nisab of Zakah.

Fitrah becomes wajib when the Day of Fitr dawns with the commence­ment of Fajr time. Therefore, if someone died before entry of Fajr on the Day of Eid, fitrah will not be paid out of his (the deceased’s) estate, since this fitrah is not wajib on him. And, if a child is born before the rising of Fajr, fitrah will be paid on his behalf. If the child is born after the entry of Fajr (on the Day of Eid) fitrah is not wajib on his behalf.

The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w ordered the people to pay Zakatul Fitr before going to Eid Prayer. - {Bukhari 1590}

  1. The father has to pay the fitrah on behalf of his under age children, those who have not attained the age of puberty.
  2. It is not obligatory upon the husband to pay fitrah on behalf of his wife. If she is the owner of Nisab, she shall have to pay her own fitrah.
  3. If a minor is the owner of wealth to the amount of Nisâb, then payment of fitrah on behalf of the minor could be made from out of his (minor’s) wealth.
  4. The fitrah should preferably be paid before the Eid Salah.
  5. It is not permissible to delay the payment of fitrah later than the Day of Eid. However, if it was not paid on the Day of Eid or before, the obligation remains and the fitrah will have to be paid.
  6. It is permissible to pay the fitrah in advance at any time during the month of Ramadan.
  7. Sadaqatul Fitr is wajib upon all those who fasted as well as those who did not fast for some reason or other.
  8. The fitrah can only be paid to “the poor” those who are entitled to accept Zakah so that they can enjoy and celebrate the day of Eid.
  9. Fitrah cannot be utilised for any charitable purpose other than the poor. Therefore, if fitrah monies are accumulated and then spent on some other charitable cause, the fitrah obligation of the fitrah payers will not be discharged.

Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam prescribed Zakatul Fitr as a purification of the fasting from obscene talk and as food for the poor. If anyone pays it before the prayer of Eid, it wil be accepted as Zakat al-Fitr. If anyone pays it after the prayer, that will be a Sadaqah like other Sadaqah. - {Sunan Abu Dawud 1609}

This Hadîth of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam illustrates the importance of the fitrah. The Fast is only presented for purificatione  by Allah Ta’ala when the obligation of fitrah is correctly discharged. The Muslim public should therefore be very scrupulous when effecting payment of the fitrah. If the fitrah is misused or wrongly distributed by the representatives of the public, the public will still be responsible for its (Fitrah’s) fulfilment.


Rate of Fitra per person for This Year as following

WheatBarleyRaisinsDates
£2.50£3.90£11.20£14.00

 

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