Opening Chapter of the Qur'an Al-Fatihah: Abul Kalam Azad
[#2684 1F1,PB, 201pp, IBT, Dr Syed Abdul Latif, From Tarjuman al-Qur'an, Tafsir By the Mawlana]

Opening Chapter of the Qur\'an  Al-Fatihah: Abul Kalam Azad

The Opening Chapter of the Qur'an -Al-Fatihah
By Mawlana Abul Kalam Azad
Translation By  Dr Syed Abdul Latif,
Paperback  201 Pages
Published By IBT Malaysia

Azad's explanation (tafsir) of surah al-Fatihah, the first chapter of the Qur'an, explains the Qur'anic conception of God in the light of the pattern of organisation found in phenomenal nature. Rightly regarded as Azad's major contribution to Islamic learning, this is a profound exposition of Qur'anic thought.

Mohiuddin Ahmad, better known as Mawlana AbulKalamAzad (1888-1958) - scholar, writer and statesman, he , played a leading role in the Indian struggle for independence and then later in the government of the India, remaining a symbol of the Muslim will to coexist in a religiously diverse India. Among his many writings were his acclaimed Urdu translation and interpretation of the Qur’an.

He was born in Makkahin 1888 in an Indian family which had emigrated from the subcontinent, but they returned to settle in Calcutta in the mid 1890’s. Azad studied at home, receiving his lessons from his father, KhairuddinDihlawi, who was a sufi pir of the Qadiri and Naqshbandi orders, and from several other teachers. He received a thorough knowledge of the classical foundations of Islam, but the family atmosphere was extremely conservative and there was no room for the question 'why', and Azad came to decide that the beliefs he had been brought up with were 'nothing but taqlid of ancestors, devotion to ancient customs and inherited dogma. The writings of Sayyid Ahmad Khan had a profound influence on Azad’s religious and intellectual development

Mawlana Azad later joined India's freedom struggle. In 1916, his mass circulated journal Al-Hilal was shut down by the British government. Azad then roused the Muslim community through the Khilafat Movement,and cooperated with Mohandas K. Gandhi's civil disobedience movement. In 1920, he joined the Indian National Congress and three years later was elected its president. In 1930, he was jailed for his anti-British activities. Azad staunchly opposed the partition of India. After independence, he served as India's first minister of education.Azad died in New Delhi in 1958.


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Prophet is reported in Hadith to have said:'None of you becomes a believer until I am dearer to him than his children, his parents and all mankind.' (as reported by Bukhari and Muslim)