Al-Ghazali On Patience And Thankfulness
Kitab al-sabr wa'l-shukr
Book XXXII of the Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din)
Translated By Henry T. Little John
Paperback 279 Pages + 60 Pages Introduction
Size : 234 x 156 mm
ISBN : 9781911141310
Publisher : The Islamic Texts Society (ITS), Cambridge UK
About The Book
Al-Ghazali on Patience and Thankfulness is a translation of the thirty-second chapter of The Revival of the Religions Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din). This chapter fills in the last of the four sections of the Ihya, the section dealing with the virtues or what is conducive to salvation. Ghazali here presents definitions for patience and its different forms; the need for patience; the degrees of patience; and why patience is considered to be half of faith.
The second part of this chapter deals with thankfulness and again Ghazali gives us definitions for thankfulness, its nature and its blessings. In addition to the translation, Dr Henry Little john provides an extensive introduction which illustrates the importance of the topics of patience and thankfulness in Islam throughout the centuries.
A Selection from the Table of Contents:
1. An Exposition of the Virtue of Patience
2. An Exposition of Patience being Half of Faith
3. An Exposition of the Divisions of Patience according to the Varying Degrees of Strength and Weakness
4. An Exposition of the Virtue of Thankfulness
5. An Exposition of the Reality and Divisions of Blessing
6. An Exposition of the Cause which Diverts Humans from Thankfulness
7. An Exposition of the Coalition of Patience and Thankfulness in One Thing
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About The Author
Abu Hamid Muhammad, famous in the world of learning as al-Ghazali was born in 450 AH (1058 A.D). in Persia . He graduated from the Nizamia Madressa at Nishapur, with distinction, a very famous educational institution in Nishapur. Later he was appointed as a teacher at the Nizamia College in Baghdad, where he proved very successful in imparting knowledge to the scholars under his care. This valuable gift of sustaining interest of his pupils and passing on his knowledge to them made him so famous that students from all parts of the country flocked to study under him.
Imam al-Ghazzali was fondly referred to as the "Hujjat-ul-lslam", Proof of Islam, He is honoured as a scholar and a saint by learned men all over the world.
Al-Ghazali is generally acclaimed as the most influential thinker of the Classical period of Islam, in his autobiography The Deliverance from Error, the Imam describes his education and his intellectual crisis, which left him so paralysed by doubt that he he gave up his academic pursuits and worldly interests and became a wandering ascetic. This was a process (period) of mystical transformation.
Later, he resumed his teaching duties, but again left these. An era of solitary life, devoted to contemplation and writing then ensued, which led to the authorship of a number of everlasting books (Many of which have been translated in English). Imam al-Ghazzali's life was spent in self-sacrificing service of God and his fellowmen. He left behind him a fine example for all men to follow. He died in 505 AH
For Imam Ghazali's Autobiography See: Al Munqidh min al-Dalal al-Ghazali's Path to Sufism, His Deliverance from Error, Iman Abu Hamid al-Ghazali's autobiography.
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