An Ottoman Manifesto
By Ahmad Al-Aqhisari
Introduction, First Edition & Translation By Yahya Michot
Foreword By Mohammad Akram Nadwi
Hardback 108 Pages
ISBN : 9781847740205
Publisher : Interface Publications / Kube Publishing, UK (2010)
An Important Classical Work on Smoking & Tobacco.
About The Book
Ottomans initiated the West to the pleasures of opium, coffee and tulips. For their reward, they got literally smoked by Europeans, who started exporting tobacco to Turkey in the early 1600.
This book is the first English language translation of the original Arabic critical edition, presented in a scholarly edition, with arguments drawn on the Quran, hadith, medicine and distrust towards the West.
How smoking was viewed from an Islamic perspective in the 11th/17th century. you will discover that Initially most jurists likened tobacco to wine in sinfulness and harmfulness and accordingly considered it haram, for example the Hanafi Scholars such as al-Shurunbulali, al-Musayyari, al-Haskafi (author of Durr al Mukhtar) and many scholars from other schools of thought subscribed to this view
We are indebted to Yahya Michot for discovering and presenting this precious text, for editing it so thoroughly and for a conscientious English translation that will make it accessible to the widest possible readership.
In his learned Introduction, Michot clears up the misunderstanding of some people who identified the author of this epistle with another Aqhisari, the famous Bosnian scholar Hasan Kafi (d. 1024/1615).
He also provides, for the first time in any European language, a useful biography of the author, and a good bibliography of his works, which, as Michot himself acknowledges, cannot be considered complete but suffices to indicate the range of Aqhisari's interests.
The book will appeal to teachers and students of Islam as a living tradition with strong continuities from its past.
The topic of how smoking was viewed from an Islamic perspective in the 11th/17th century can serve as a point of entry for classroom discussions about similar issues today, which require a comparable balancing between reasonable private amusement or distraction and ingrained social habits that consistently entail wastage of time and neglect of committed attention to prayer and other religious duties — the examples that come to mind are television, mobile phones and some forms of internet usage: these have the look of addictions in that there are tangible withdrawal symptoms.
It does not follow that in these cases (unlike smoking) the harm outweighs the possible good, or that the difficulty of trying to forbid altogether is less than that of just trying to limit misuse informally. Those with more specialized interest in Islamic Legal issues in the Ottoman domains of the periods or in socio-economic history of commercial practices and their linkage with cultural attitudes, or in the migration of ideas and attitudes across the Islamic world — Michot hints at a fascinating 'Passage to India' of this text of al Aqhisari — as well as those who are intrigued by manuscripts and the craft of establishing a good edition will find much in this book to instruct and delight them.
From the Foreword By Mohammad Akram Nadwi
Oxford, 27 June 2009
About The Author
Ahmad Al-Aqhisari was born in Cyprus, Converted to Islam after the Ottoman conquest (977 - 981 AH) of the Island. He became a Hanafite Alim and lived in Akhisar (western Anatolia), where he is said to be buried in the Uzun Tas Cemetery
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