Sultan Al-'Ulama' Al-Izz ibn Abdussalam
A Great Muslim Jurist & Reformer of 13th Century A.D.
By Dr. Syed Rizwan Ali
Hardback 181 Pages
Size : 8.75 x 5.5 Inches
ISBN : 8174351590
Publisher : Adam Publishers, New Delhi, India
About The Book
Life and Works of Sultan Al-'Ulama' Al-Izz ibn Abdussalam who was among those very few who greatly influenced their age. He was the man of the seventh century A.H (13th A.D ) as religious reformer. His acute sense of righteousness and extraordinary moral courage in criticising and rebuffing the absolute Sultans and powerful viziers of his time amazed and deeply impressed the every scholar
Abu Muhammad Izz al-Din 'Abd al-'Aziz bin 'Abd al-Salam bin Abi 'I-Qasim b. al-Hassan b. Muhammad b. al-Muhadhdhab Al-Sulami al-Shafi'i better known as Imam 'Izz ibn 'Abd al-Salam, nicknamed the Sultan of Scholars was' born in Damascus in 577/1181. He had the honour of being a student of several eminent scholars of those days such as Fakhr ud-din ibn 'Asakir, Saif ud-din Amedi and Hafiz Abu Mohammad al-Qasim.
According to certain annalists, he started education quite late but he soon acquired such a proficiency in the then sciences that his contemporaries have paid glowing tributes to his deep learning and brilliance of mind, Ibn Daqiq al-cId calls him Sultan ul-Ulema (king of scholars) in some of his works. When Izz ud-din migrated to Egypt in 639 A. H., Hafiz Abdul Azim al-Munziri, the writer of al-Targhib wat-Tarhib, suspended giving legal-opinions. When he was asked the reason for it, he said : "It does not behove any jurist to give legal-opinion where Izz ud-din happens to be present." Another scholar Sheikh Jamal ud-din ibn al-Hajib was of the opinion that in Fiqh (jurisprudence) Izz ud-din excelled even al-Ghazali,
Al-Zahabi writes in his book entitled al-Ebar:"In his knowledge of Fiqh, devotion to religion and awe of God he had attained that degree of perfection which makes one capable of Ijtihad i. e. of interpreting the revealed law of God and of deducing new laws from it." Izz ud-din occupied the chair of professor for a fairly long period in the Madrasa Zawiyah Ghazaliyah of Damascus along with holding the offices of Khatib and Imam in the principal mosque of the city called the Umayyad Mosque. Sheikh Shahab ud-din Abu Shama relates that Izz ud-din vehemently opposed the innovations and later-day accretions like Salat-al-Raghayeb and the special prayers of mid-Sha'ban which had become so popular in his time that several scholars of note thought it prudent to keep silence about these.
Al-Malik al-Kamil insisted on Izz ud-din for accepting the office of Qadi in Damascus which he accepted reluctantly after imposing a number of conditions. During the same period al-Malik al-Kamil appointed him as his envoy to the court of the then Abbasid Caliph.
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