Mushaf Al Tajwid Qur'an Lataif al Yusra Min Al Qira'at al 'Ashra
Tajwid Qur'an with the ten recitations of the Qur'an : Arabic Only
Hardback ~A4 Size (Appx 24 x 16.5 cm)
ISBN : 9789933423902
Publisher : Dar-Al-Marifah, Damascus, Syria
About The Book
The ten recitation that are mentioned in this Mushaf are:
- Imam Nafi’ (Qalun, Warsh)
- Imam Ibn Kathir
- Imam Abu ‘Umuru
- Imam Ibn ‘Amir
- Imam ‘Asim
- Imam Hamzah
- Imam Al-Kisani
- Imam Abu Ja’far
- Imam Ya’qub
- Imam Khalaf.
There are seven different recitations that have authentic chains of transmission outlined by Imam Ash-Shatibi, and each of the seven are named for the reciter that made this particular recitation, or recitations famous. Each of the seven have two branches off them, by two students of this recitation, either directly from the imam himself or with a sheikh or two in between them. Each recitation then has the main name of the imam that made it famous by his mastery, and two names off of it for those imams that learned from this main imam either directly or indirectly. The two branches may have very different rules, as each has its own chain of transmission and each has its own identity.
1. The first of the seven is Imam Nafi', his full name is: Ibn Adur-Rahman bin Abi Na'im. Naf'i recited to seventy of the tabi'in, the most notable, Abu Ja'far Al-Qa'qa'.
- a. The first branch of Imam Naf'i is Qalun. His name is: 'Iysa bin Mina, and he was nicknamed Qalun by his Sheikh (Naf'i) because his good smooth recitation. The word Qalun in the Roman language means good.
- b. The second branch of Imam Naf'i is Warsh. His name is: Abu Sa'id 'Uthman bin Sa'id Al-Misri. Qalun nicknamed him Warsh because of his strong white color.
2. The second imam is Ibn Kathir. His name is Abdullah bin Kathir bin Al-MuTalab Al-Qurayshi. He himself was of the tabi'n, and met up with some of the sahabah, including Abu Ayub Al-Ansari, and Anas bin Malik.
- a. The first of his branch is Al-Bazzi. His name is: Ahmed bin Abdullah ibn Al-Qasim bin Naf'i bin Abi Bazzah.
- b. The second of Ibn Kathir's two famous branches is Qunbal. His name is Muhammed bin Abdur-Rahman bun Khalid Al-Maki.
3. The third imam is Abu 'Amrin Al-Basri Al-Mazini. He had the most shuyukh of all the seven reciters, and of his shuyukh was Ibn Kathir.
- a. The first of his branch is Ad-Duri. His name is: Hafs bin 'Umar Ibn Abdulaziz.
- b. The second of this branch is As-Susi. His hame is: Salih bin Zayad As-Susi. Both Ad-Duri and As-Susi took the recitation of Abu 'Amrin Al-Basri from Imam Yahya Al-Yazidi, who learned directly from Imam Abi 'Amr.
4. The fourth imam is Ibn Amer. His name is Abdullah bin Amir Al-Yahsabi.
- a. The first of the two that are known for relating the recitation made famous by Imam Ibn Amer is Hisham. His name is: Hisham bin 'Ammar bin Nasir.
- b. The second is Ibn Thakwan. His name is: Abdullah bin Ahmed bin Thakwan Ad-Dimashqi.
5. The fifth recitation is known by the name 'Asim. His name was 'Asim Abi An-Najud. He was of the tabi'in.
- a. The first of the two relaters of this Imam is Shu'bah. His name is: Shu'bah bin 'Ayash bin Salim.
- b. The second of the two, Hafs (different than the previously mentioned Ad-Duri), has the full name of: Hafs bin Sulayman bin Al-Mughirah Al-Asadi Al-Kufi. This is the way of recitation that the majority of the Muslims today recite, and the way of tajwid explained on this site.
6. The sixth recitation is known as Hamzah. The Imam that made this way of recitation famous is: Hamzah Habib Az-Zayyat.
- a. The first of the two that relayed from Imam Hamzah is Khalaf. His full name is: Khalaf bin Hisham Al-Bazzar Al-Baghdadi.
- b. The second is Khallad. His name is: Khallad bin Khalid Ash-Shaybani Al-Kufi.
7. The seventh recitation is known as Al-Kisa'i. He was named this nickname because it is said he made ihram for going to Mekkah in a bag (Kees). His real name is: Ali bin Hamzah bin Abdullah Al-Asadi.
- a. The first branch or relater of Al-Kisa'i is Al-Layth. His name is: Al-Layth bin Khalid Al-Bahgdadi. His nickname is Al-Harith.
- b. The second is Ad-Duri, and he is the same Imam that related the recitation of Abu 'Amr Al-Basri.
The remaining three recitations outlined by Imam ibn Al-Jazari, are also known by the names of the early scholars that made them famous, or had many students who learned these ways from them. As in the way of Shatibiyyah, each reciter has two narrators of the recitation of the first scholar, sometimes the two different narrations they learned from the first scholar are almost identical, other times, there is quite a difference. These are all authentic ways of recitation passed down in chains of transmission from the Messenger of Allah, (S.A.W), person by person until the recitation has reached us today, preserved by the Mercy of Allah, then by the strict adherence and correction by all in the chain.
1. The first of the three outlined by Imam Ibn Al-Jazari is the recitation of Abu Ja'far. His name is Yazid bin Al-Qa'qa' Al-Madani, who was an imam of the people of Medina in the qir'at. He was of the tabi’in. He studied the recitation of the Qur'an from a group of the companions, among them Ibn ‘Abbas, and Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with them all.
- a. The first branch or narrator of the recitation of Abu Ja'far is Ibn Wardan. His name is 'Iysa bin Wardan Al-Madani.
- b. The second branch (narrator) of the recitation of Abu Ja'far is Ibn Jammaz. His name is Sulayman bin Jammaz Al-Madani.
2. The second recitation is that of Imam Ya'qub. His name is Ya'qub bin Ishaq Al-Hadhrami. He was the imam of the people of Basra after Abi 'Amr.
- a. The first branch (narrator) of the recitation of Ya'qub is Ruways. The name of this imam is: Muhammed bin Al-Mutawakkil Al-Lu'lu'i Al-Basri.
- b. The second narration of Ya'qub is Rawh. His name is Rawh bin Abdul-Mu'min Al-Basri.
3. The third imam is Khalaf bin Hisham Al-Bazzar Al-Kufi, the same man as the first narrator of Hamzah. This imam then related the recitation of Imam Hamzah and was known for this other authentic recitation. Most of the scholars then refer to this recitation as either Khalaf Al-'Ashr, or Khalaf Al-Bazzar, to make sure it is differentiated from the recitation of Khalaf 'an Hamzah.
- a. The first narrator of the recitation of Imam Khalaf Al-Bazzar is Ishaq. The full name of this imam is Ishaq bin Ibrahim Al-Maruzi Al-Baghdadi Al-Waraq.
- b. The second narrator of this recitation is Idris. His name is Idris bin Abdul-Karim Al-Haddad. May Allah be pleased with them all and give them light in their graves.
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