Regarding The Gawth, Qutb, Abdal And Awtad
Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyah
Edited By Shaykh Uzayr Shams
Translated by Ali Hassan Khan
Paperback 208 Pages
Gujranwala Umm-ul-Qura Publications
Description by the Publisher
This text is
among the remnants os Shaykh-ul-Islam IBN TAYMIYAH that are among his
handwritings which are being published for the first time in seven centuries; it
deals with the topic of the Qutb, the Abdal and the Awtad, a topic that is
widespread among Sufis and Laymen ever since the fourth century due to influence
of some foreign cultures spread among the Islamic society, and based on some
false Ahadith fabricated upon the Prophet (PBUH).
this doctrine had some negative effects upon the Islamic society, as a lot of
people attached themselves to the Ghawth, Qutb , Abdal and Awtad, and they
started to think when a hardship affects the inhabitants of the earth, the
inferior ( in these level of saints ) would raise this matter to the superior,
until it reaches the ghawth, and he does not raise his eyes except that this
hard ship is removed; some of them even claimed that the assistance to the
inhabitants of the earth, including the angels , birds and fishes, comes from
the direction, all good is diffused to entire the creation through his
intermediary, that he confers kingship and the friendship (Wilayah) of Allah to
whomever he wills, that he takes away from whomever he wants , and many other
false claims that attribute to the Qutb and Ghawth some aspects of divinity and
lordship, and this is among the greatest of lies, impossibilities, polytheism,
misguidance and heresy.
the danger of this doctrine and the harm caused by its spread and propagation to
the creed of the laymen and the elite, some scholars stood debate this doctrine
and refuse it, explaining what it conatins from opposition to reason and the
Shari’ah ( religious law ), criticizing the Ahadith upon whic the Sufis base
themselves . Shaykh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was the one having the strongest
speech on this issue and the greatest refutation of this doctrine. This book
before you is the largest epistle that he wrote on this subject.
Note By Kitaabun:
Although it is refuting the concept of Gawth,
Qutb, Abdal And Awtad, One will learn a lot about what some of the
classical scholars say about this concept.
About Ibn Taymiyah
Shaykh al-Islam Taqi ud-Din Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad Ibn al-Halim ibn Abd
al-Salam Ibn Taymiyah al-Hanbali was born in , 661 AH (1263 AC) in Haran, which
is now in Eastern Turkey, near the border of northern Iraq..
His family had long been renowned for its learning , among his teachers, was
Shams ud-Din Al-Maqdisi, first Hanbali Chief Justice of Syria following the
reform of the judiciary by Baibars. The number of Ibn Taimiyah's teachers
exceeds two hundred. Ibn Taimiyah was barely seventeen, when Qadi Al-Maqdisi
authorized him to issue Fatwa (legal verdict). Qadi remembered with pride that
it was he who had first permitted an intelligent and learned man like Ibn
Taimiyah to give Fatwa. At the same age, he started delivering lectures. When he
was thirty, he was offered the office of Chief Justice, but refused, as he could
not persuade himself to follow the limitations imposed by the authorities.
Imam Ibn Taimiyah's education was essentially that of a Hanbali theologian and
jurisconsult. But to his knowledge of early and classical Hanbalism, he added
not only that of the other schools of jurisprudence but also that of other
He had an extensive knowledge of Quran, Sunnah, Greek philosophy, Islamic
history, and religious books of others, as is evident from the variety of the
books he wrote.
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