Al-Aqida al-Tahawiyya : Arabic Text with English Translation and Commentary
By Imam Abu Ja'far al-Tahawi
Translator : Mawlana Fahim Hoosen
Paperback 168 Pages
ISBN : 9781848281479
Publisher : Azhar Academy
About The Book
Imam Tahawi's al-Aqida, representative of the viewpoint of ahl-al-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah, has long been the most widely acclaimed, and indeed indispensable, reference-work on Muslim beliefs. Being a text on Islamic doctrines, this work draws heavily on arguments set forth in the Holy Qur'an and Sunnah. Likewise, the arguments advanced in refuting the views of sects that have deviated from the Sunnah are also taken from the Holy Qur'an and Sunnah.
It contains references to views of the Shi'ah, Khawarij and such mystics that had departed from the right path. There is an explicit reference in the work to the non-sensical controversy on khalq-al- Qur'an in the times of Ma'mun and some other 'Abbasid Caliphs. While the permanent relevance of the statements of belief in al-Aqida is obvious, the historical weight of these statements can only be properly appreciated if the work is used as a study text under the guidance of some learned person able to highlight its arguments fully. Such a study will help one understand Islamic doctrines better and avoid deviations.
This short treatise on 'Aqida (Islamic theology) written by Imam al-Tahawi though small in size, is a basic text for all times, listing what a Muslim must know and believe.
The importance of this text lies in the fact that it corroborates the views of Imam Abu Hanifa the founder of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, that have come down to us from different sources. Imam al-Tahawi summarizes the views of the great Imam and shows that they were in conformity with the traditional views of the orthodox school.
The doctrines enumerated in this work are entirely derived from the undisputed primary sources of religion, the Qur'an and the confirmed hadith.
This text, representative of the viewpoint of Ahl al-Sunna wa'l Jama'a, has long been the most widely acclaimed, and indeed indispensable, reference work on Muslim beliefs.
This edition includes a brief and simple commentary by Mawlana Fahim Hoosen. The focus in his commentary is explaining the correct belief of a Muslim while avoiding technical discussions and intricacies of debate around theological issues.
- Imam al-Tahawi 3
- Al- Aqida Al- Tahawiyya 5
- Compiler's Preface 6
- Oneness (Tawhid) of Allah Ta'ala 11
- Attributes (Sifat) of Allah and His Transcendence 21
- Prophethood 40
- The Speech (Kalam) of Allah Ta'ala 46
- The Vision (Ru'ya) 50
- The Ascent to the Heavens (Miraj) 58
- The Pool (Hawd) 60
- Intercession 61
- The Covenant (Mithaq) 64
- Pre-destination (Taqdir) 67
- The Tablet (Lawh) and the Pen (Qalam) 75
- The Throne (Arsh) and the Chair (Kursiyy) 80
- The Prophets, Angels and Scriptures 83
- The People of the Qibla 86
- The Qur'an 88
- Disbelief (Kufr) 91
- Belief (Iman) 98
- Major Sins 103
- Rebellion 113
- Wiping Over Leather Socks 118
- The Pilgrimage and Jihad 119
- The Noble Scribe-Angels 120
- The Angel of Death 122
- Punishment in the Grave 123
- Resurrection and the Recompense of Deeds 127
- The Garden and the Fire 133
- Capability (Istita'a) 139
- The 'Anger' and 'Pleasure' of Allah 147
- The Companions (Sahaba) 148
- The Caliphate 153
- The Scholars and the Saints 157
- The Signs of the Hour 160
- The Religion of Allah 164
About Imam Tahawi
Imam Abu Ja'far Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Salamah bin Salmah bin 'Abd al Malik bin Salmah bin Sulaim bin Sulaiman bin Jawab Azdi, popularly known as Imam Tahawi, after his birth-place in Egypt, is among the most outstanding authorities of the Islamic world on Hadith and fiqh (jurisprudence). He lived 239-321 A.H., an epoch when both the direct and indirect disciples of the four Imams - Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Malik, Imam Shafi'i and Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal - were teaching and practicing. This period was the zenith of Hadith and fiqh studies, and Imam Tahawi studied with all the living authorities of the day. He began as a student of his maternal uncle, Isma'il bin Yahya Muzni, a leading disciple of Imam Shafi'i.
Instinctively, however, Imam Tahawi felt drawn to the corpus of Imam Abu Hanifah's works. Indeed, he had seen his uncle and teacher turning to the works of Hanafi scholars to resolve thorny issues of Fiqh, drawing heavily on the writings of Imam Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani and Imam Abu Yusuf, who had codified Hanafi fiqh. This led Imam Tahawi to devote his whole attention to studying the Hanafi works and he eventually joined the Hanafi school.
Imam Tahawi stands out not only as a prominent follower of the Hanafi school but, in view of his vast erudition and remarkable powers of assimilation, as one of its leading scholars. His monumental scholarly works, such as Sharh Ma'ani al-Athar and Mushkil al-Athar, are encyclopaedic in scope and have long been regarded as indispensable for training students of fiqh.
About the Translator
Mawlana Fahim Hoosen was born in 1975 and raised in Stanger, Kwa Zulu Natal (South Africa). He completed the memorization of the Quran in 1989, and thereafter graduated from Madrasa Taleemuddeen, Isipingo Beach in 2000. His teachers included Mufti Ebrahim Salejee, Mufti Zubair Bayat, Mufti Ebrahim Desai, Mawlana Haroon Abbasomar, and Mawlana Ilyas Patel.
In 2002, Mawlana Fahim began teaching at Madrasa Hamidiyya, Overport (Durban), where he taught Arabic grammar, Islamic law, principles of Islamic law, Quranic exegesis and Islamic theology.
He completed a BA with Honors in Semitic Languages and Cultures at the University of Johannesburg (2008-2010) and was certified a Shariah Advisor and Auditor (CSAA) by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) in 2010.
He has previously authored and published Anis al-Musafir - An explanation of the Islamic law of travel in accordance with the Hanafi School of Islamic law.
His fields of speciality are Islamic theology (Aqidah), Islamic commercial law and Islamic Finance.
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