Razi: Master of Qur'anic Interpretation and Theological Reasoning
By Tariq Jaffer
Paperback 244 Pages
ISBN : 9780190663513
Publisher : Oxford University Press (OUP)
About The Book
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1148 - 1210) wrote prolifically in the disciplines of theology, Qur'anic exegesis, and philosophy. He composed treatises on jurisprudence, medicine, physiognomy, astronomy, and astrology. His body of work marks a momentous turning point in the Islamic tradition and his influence within the post-classical Islamic tradition is striking. After his death in 1210 his works became standard textbooks in Islamic institutions of higher learning. Razi investigates his transformative contributions to the Islamic intellectual tradition.
One of the leading representatives of Sunni orthodoxy in medieval Islam, Razi was the first intellectual to exploit the rich heritage of ancient and Islamic philosophy to interpret the Qur'an. Jaffer uncovers Razi's boldly unconventional intellectual aspirations. The book elucidates the development of Razi's unique appropriation of methods and ideas from ancient and Islamic philosophy into a unified Qur'anic commentary―and consequently into the Sunni worldview.
Jaffer shows that the genre of Qur'anic commentary in the post-classical period contains a wealth of philosophical material that is of major interest for the history of philosophical ideas in Islam and for the interaction of the aqli ("rational") and naqli ("traditional") sciences in Islamic civilization. Jaffer demonstrates the ways Razi reconciled the opposing intellectual trends of his milieu on major methodological conflicts. A highly original work, this book brilliantly repositions the central aims of Razi's intellectual program.
- Chapter One Forging a New Methodology
- Chapter Two Devising Rules of Exegesis
- Chapter Three Reconciling Reason (ʿAQL) And Transmitted Knowledge (NAQL)
- Chapter Four Interpreting the Intellect and Light
- Chapter Five Interpreting the Soul and Spirit
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